Association between ambient air pollution and multiple sclerosis


Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the effects of air pollutants on autoimmune diseases.

The results of relationship between ambient air pollution and multiple sclerosis (MS) showed a variety of differences. Thus, the purpose of a new study has been to further clarify and quantify the relationship between ambient air pollutants and MS through meta-analysis. Through electronic literature search, literature related to our research topic was collected in Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed till August 18, 2020, according to certain criteria.

Pooled risk estimate and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated by random-effect model analysis.

After removing copies, browsing titles and abstracts, and reading full text, 6 studies were finally included.

The results showed that only particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 (PM10) was related to MS (pooled HR = 1.058, 95% CI = 1.050-1.066), and no correlation was found between PM with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3), benzene (C6H6), major road < 50 m, and MS.

PM10 is correlated with the disease MS, while other pollution is not connected with MS.

Therefore, it is important for MS patients to take personal protection against particulate pollution and avoid exposure to higher levels of PM.